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Four carbon atoms containing neutral organic compound X reacts with sodium metal to evolve a gas which burns with a ‘pop’ sound. Another four carbon atoms containing carbon compound react with sodium hydrogen carbonate to evolve a gas which turns lim...

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Four carbon atoms containing neutral organic compound X reacts with sodium metal to evolve a gas which burns with a ‘pop’ sound. Another four carbon atoms containing carbon compound react with sodium hydrogen carbonate to evolve a gas which turns lime water milky. When compounds X and Y are heated together in the presence of a little concentrated sulphuric acid, then a new compound Z is formed.

(a) What is compound X? Also, write its formula.

(b) What is compound Y? Also write its formula,

(c) What is compound Z? Also write its formula.

(d) What type of smell is given by compound Z?

(e) What is the general name of compounds like Z?

(f) What is the general name of the reaction which takes place between X and Y to form Z?

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(a) X is butanol, C4H9OH

(b) Y is butanoic acid, C3H7COOH

(c) Z is butyl butanoate, C3H7COOC4H9

(d) Sweet smell is given by the compound Z.

(e) Esters

(f) Esterification reaction.

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