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An organic acid X is a liquid, Which often freezes during winter time in cold countries, having the molecular formula C2H4O2. On warming it with methanol in the presence of a few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid, a compound Y with a sweet smell i...

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An organic acid X is a liquid, Which often freezes during winter time in cold countries, having the molecular formula C2H4O2. On warming it with methanol in the presence of a few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid, a compound Y with a sweet smell is formed.

(a) Identify X and Y. Also write their formulae showing the functional group present in them.

(b) Write a chemical equation for the reaction involved.

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(a) X is ethanoic acid, 

\(CH_3-\overset{O}{\overset{||}{C}}-OH\)

Y is methyl ethanoate

\(CH_3-\overset{O}{\overset{||}{C}}-O-CH_3\)

(b) CH3COOH + CH3OH + Conc. H2SO4 → CH3COOCH3 + H2O

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