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An organic compound A having the molecular formula C3H8O is a liquid at room temperature. The organic liquid A reacts with sodium metal to evolve a gas which burns causing a little explosion.

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An organic compound A having the molecular formula C3H8O is a liquid at room temperature. The organic liquid A reacts with sodium metal to evolve a gas which burns causing a little explosion. When the organic liquid A is heated with concentrated sulphuric acid at 170°C, it forms a compound B which decolorises bromine water. Compound B adds on one molecule of hydrogen in the presence of Ni as catalyst to form compound C which gives substitution reactions with chlorine.

(a) What is compound A?

(b) What is compound B?

(c) What type of reaction occurs when A is converted into B?

(d) What is compound C?

(e) What type of reaction takes place when B is converted into C?

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(a) A is propanol, CH3-CH2-CH2OH

(b) B is propene, CH3CH = CH2

(c) Dehydration reaction

(d) C is propane, CH3CH2-CH3

(e) Addition reaction

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