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Assertion: Insect-resistant transgenic cotton has been produced by inserting Bt gene.

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Assertion: Insect-resistant transgenic cotton has been produced by inserting Bt gene.

Reason: The Bt gene is derived from a bacterium.

(a) If both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

(b) If both Assertion and Reason are correct, but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

(c) If Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.

(d) If both the Assertion and Reason are incorrect.

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(b) If both Assertion and Reason are correct, but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Explanation:

Bt-cotton is a transgenic crop. Transgenic plants are those plants, which have foreign gene incorporated in their DNA. This insect resistant gene is derived from a bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis.

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