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An atom is electrically neutral, on loss or gain of electrons why does it become charged?

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An atom is electrically neutral, on loss or gain of electrons why does it become charged?

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An atom is electrically neutral because of same number of protons and electrons. But it becomes charged, to become stable atom, loses or gains electrons.

Hence, Number of protons ≠ Number of electrons

If it loses electrons p > e; hence +ve charge is obtained.

If it gains electrons e > p; hence -ve charge is obtained.

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