Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangents to each circle from the centre of the other circle.
Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangents to each circle from the centre of the other circle.
Construction Procedure:
The tangent for the given circle can be constructed as follows.
1. Draw a line segment AB = 8 cm.
2. Take A as centre and draw a circle of radius 4 cm
3. Take B as centre, draw a circle of radius 3 cm
4. Draw the perpendicular bisector of the line AB and the midpoint is taken as M.
5. Now, take M as centre draw a circle with the radius of MA or MB which the intersects the circle at the points P, Q, R and S.
6. Now join AR, AS, BP and BQ
7. Therefore, the required tangents are AR, AS, BP and BQ
From the construction, to prove this, join AP, AQ, BS, and BR.
∠ASB is an angle in the semicircle. We know that an angle in a semicircle is a right angle.
∴ ∠ASB = 90°
⇒ BS ⊥ AS
Since BS is the radius of the circle, AS must be a tangent of the circle.
Similarly, AR, BP, and BQ are the required tangents of the given circle.

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