Give examples of polynomials p(x), g(x), q(x) and r(x), which satisfy the division algorithm and (i) deg p(x) = deg q(x) (ii) deg q(x) = deg r(x) (iii) deg r(x) = 0
Give examples of polynomials p(x), g(x), q(x) and r(x), which satisfy the division algorithm and
(i) deg p(x) = deg q(x)
(ii) deg q(x) = deg r(x)
(iii) deg r(x) = 0
According to the division algorithm, dividend p(x) and divisor g(x) are two polynomials, where g(x)≠0. Then we can find the value of quotient q(x) and remainder r(x), with the help of below given formula;
Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder
∴ p(x) = g(x)×q(x)+r(x)
Where r(x) = 0 or degree of r(x)< degree of g(x).
Now let us proof the three given cases as per division algorithm by taking examples for each.
(i) deg p(x) = deg q(x)
Degree of dividend is equal to degree of quotient, only when the divisor is a constant term.
Let us take an example, p(x) = 3x^{2}+3x+3 is a polynomial to be divided by g(x) = 3.
So, (3x^{2}+3x+3)/3 = x^{2}+x+1 = q(x)
Thus, you can see, the degree of quotient q(x) = 2, which also equal to the degree of dividend p(x).
Hence, division algorithm is satisfied here.
(ii) deg q(x) = deg r(x)
Let us take an example, p(x) = x^{2 }+ 3 is a polynomial to be divided by g(x) = x – 1.
So, x^{2 }+ 3 = (x – 1)×(x) + (x + 3)
Hence, quotient q(x) = x
Also, remainder r(x) = x + 3
Thus, you can see, the degree of quotient q(x) = 1, which is also equal to the degree of remainder r(x).
Hence, division algorithm is satisfied here.
(iii) deg r(x) = 0
The degree of remainder is 0 only when the remainder left after division algorithm is constant.
Let us take an example, p(x) = x^{2 }+ 1 is a polynomial to be divided by g(x) = x.
So, x^{2 }+ 1 = (x)×(x) + 1
Hence, quotient q(x) = x
And, remainder r(x) = 1
Clearly, the degree of remainder here is 0.
Hence, division algorithm is satisfied here.

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