Draw a circle of radius 6 cm. From a point 10 cm away from its centre, construct the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their lengths.
Draw a circle of radius 6 cm. From a point 10 cm away from its centre, construct the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their lengths.
Construction Procedure:
The construction to draw a pair of tangents to the given circle is as follows.
1. Draw a circle with radius = 6 cm with centre O.
2. Locate a point P, which is 10 cm away from O.
3. Join the points O and P through line
4. Draw the perpendicular bisector of the line OP.
5. Let M be the midpoint of the line PO.
6. Take M as centre and measure the length of MO
7. The length MO is taken as radius and draw a circle.
8. The circle drawn with the radius of MO, intersect the previous circle at point Q and R.
9. Join PQ and PR.
10. Therefore, PQ and PR are the required tangents
To prove this, join OQ and OR represented in dotted lines.
From the construction,
∠PQO is an angle in the semicircle.
We know that angle in a semicircle is a right angle, so it becomes,
∴ ∠PQO = 90°
Such that
⇒ OQ ⊥ PQ
Since OQ is the radius of the circle with radius 6 cm, PQ must be a tangent of the circle. Similarly, we can prove that PR is a tangent of the circle.

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