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Assertion: Bond angle of H2S is smaller than H2O. Reason: Electronegativity of the central atom increases, bond angle decreases.

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Assertion: Bond angle of H2S is smaller than H2O.

Reason: Electronegativity of the central atom increases, bond angle decreases.

(a) If both Assertion and Reason are correct and the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.

(b) If both Assertion and Reason are correct, but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

(c) If Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.

(d) If both the Assertion and Reason are incorrect.

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(c) If Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.

Explanation:

Bond angle of H2S (92°) < H2O (104°31). As the electronegativity of the central atom decreases, bond angle decreases. In the present case, S is less electronegative than oxygen. Thus bond pairs in H2S are more away from the central atom than in H2O and thus repulsive forces between bond pairs are smaller producing smaller bond angle.

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